A student told me that he doubted the reality of good and right, wrong and evil, because they are “abstract” qualities. I mention the anecdote because I hear this sort of thing often (and also for penance, because long ago I used to say things like that myself).
Now he wouldn’t have doubted the reality of odd and even, of important and unimportant, or of old and new -- and those are abstract qualities too, aren’t they?
Perhaps what he really meant was that good and right can’t be measured by the senses. But those other qualities can’t be measured by the senses either; an odd number of apples isn’t a different weight or color than an even one. Importance doesn’t feel warm, and an old poem isn’t hard to the touch. Such qualities are perceived by the mind. And so are good and right, wrong and evil.
Why then does the skeptic trust in the reality of those “abstract” qualities, but not in the reality of moral qualities? It is suspiciously arbitrary.
On some campuses students have demanded and won the establishment of “safe spaces” in which they don’t have to hear non-woke opinions (called “micro-aggressions”) and can calm themselves with coloring books and other childish distractions. They don’t even have to bring their own coloring books, because college officials supply them for free.
I suppose it is obvious that such behavior isn’t explained by political disagreement. There is a difference between thinking that someone is mistaken, and regressing to childhood just because you are subjected to hearing his opinion.
Some writers have suggested a different explanation: That when they were growing up, these young persons were overprotected, overindulged, constantly told how special they were, and persuaded that if anything didn’t please them it must have been somebody’s fault.
Maybe. We need some evidence here. But so long as we are guessing, let’s consider another possibility.
So many more young persons come from damaged homes in the present generation than in the previous one. Could the reason some of them behave like children be that they didn’t have enough childhood when they were at the age for it?
Damaged homes certainly influence personality in other ways; for instance boys who grow up without dads are much more likely to hold a grudge against God the Father. Isn't it plausible that it may influence personality in this way too?
These two guesses aren’t necessarily incompatible. Sometimes parents spoil their children gratuitously – but sometimes they spoil their children because their home is damaged. Having exposed them to harm, they compensate by overprotecting them.
Just a thought.
Is there anything that isn’t racist?
“We hope that our study encourages robot designers to create robots that represent the diversity of their communities .... There is no need for all robots to be white.”
“How is it possible that well into the 21st century, parents all over Manhattan — well-meaning, #BLM-marching parents — are teaching their children to ask ‘little White men’ [in the traffic signals] for permission to cross the street? And why doesn’t this seem to bother them?”
“In my own field of research, you can see an imperialist view prevail. Scientists continue to report how new species are ‘discovered’ every year, species that are often already known and used by people in the region – and have been for thousands of years .... The first inhabitants of Brazil and the first users of plants in Australia often remained unnamed, unrecognised, and uncompensated. They are quite literally invisible in history. This needs to change.”
“Definition of theme: Power and oppression, as defined by ethnic studies, are the ways in which individuals and groups define mathematical knowledge so as to see “Western” mathematics as the only legitimate expression of mathematical identity and intelligence. This definition of legitimacy is then used to disenfranchise people and communities of color. This erases the historical contributions of people and communities of color.
“Learning target: Students will be able to analyze the ways in which ancient mathematical knowledge has been appropriated by Western culture. Students will be able to identify how the development of mathematics has been erased from learning in school. Students will be able to identify how math has been and continues to be used to oppress and marginalize people and communities of color.”
[One knitter speaking to another knitter, who had spoken enthusiastically of India as colorful, complex, and inspiring:] “Multiple times you compare the idea of going to India to the idea of going to another planet — how do you think a person from India would feel to hear that?”
“A new city policy requiring public signs on brick buildings warning they might collapse in an earthquake is part of a long history of white supremacy aimed at forcing black people to move out of neighborhoods, the NAACP of Portland, Oregon, says.”
"Historically, the people in early England or ‘Englelond’ did not call themselves 'Anglo-Saxons' ... The term was used sporadically during the early-English period, but by and large the people in early medieval England referred to themselves as ‘Englisc’ or ‘Anglecynn.’ ‘Anglo-Saxon’ became more popular as a phrase in the 18th and 19th centuries when it was used to link white people to their ‘supposed origins.’ It was later adopted by Hitler, who wrote of the ‘Anglo-Saxon determination’ to hold India.”
"Library collections continue to promote and proliferate whiteness with their very existence and the fact that they are physically taking up space in our libraries."
“Thomas and his ‘friends’ often ‘tease’ like this: ‘Wake up lazy bones! Do some hard work for a change!’ .... He and his friends are clearly imperialists ....
“It may be a few years before I lay out the particularities of British imperialism to my son ... [but] in our home ... some ugly truths about unjust train society must be told.”
I gratefully acknowledge that these came to my
attention through the twitterfeed of Titania
McGrath, grand mistress of wokeness,
Viewed as a whole, American history is not systematically racist, but systematically anti-racist. Even though, at the beginning, half the nation practiced human bondage, the authors of the Declaration of Independence put themselves on record confessing that all men are created equal. By doing so they knowingly set up a standard by which they would be judged for all time to come. Lincoln appealed to the Declaration in opposing slavery, Martin Luther King appealed to it in opposing segregation, and the country has worked hard over the years to convert its principle from an aspiration to a lived reality. This purpose met strong resistance, right up to a civil war, but the line of development is clear.
On the other hand, if we consider not American history as a whole, but specific institutions, we still do find many laws, attitudes, and policies that have been promoted either with the intention of holding poor people and non-white people down, or with complacency about the fact that they do, in fact, hold them down.
Exhibit A: Pro-poverty programs, misleading called anti-poverty programs. These devilish traps methodically incentivize not only becoming but also remaining dependent on the government, which is merely poverty of a different kind. The resulting culture of multi-generational dependency is so overwhelmingly documented that there is no plausible motive for continuing such programs in anything like their present form, except, perhaps, to produce a tier of wholly-owned clients for the political party that embraces them. The mentality that drives the policy is not charitable, but feudal.
Exhibit B: Aggressive promotion of abortion and other anti-natal practices in non-white communities. It is hard to see how it helps poor and non-white families to kill their infants, is it not? Only viewed as a eugenics program does such a policy become comprehensible. Planned Parenthood founder Margaret Sanger epitomized this view when she complained, “Those least fit to carry on the race are increasing most rapidly” (The Pivot of Civilization, 1920). Why no hue and cry to tear down Sanger statues, by the way? The people who pull down statues consider her a heroine.
Exhibit C: Advocacy of laissez-faire attitudes toward sexuality and marriage. Though most fervently promoted by the well-off, these attitudes have wreaked the greatest damage on the families of poor and working people, especially non-whites, and have tended to impoverish their children by depriving them of the consistent care, encouragement, discipline, and example of married moms and dads. You won’t hear this from the left, but stable marriage is by far the most genuine anti-poverty program.
Exhibit D: Opposition to school choice. The children of non-white and poor families caught in crime-ridden inner-city neighborhoods are also caught in inferior and crime-ridden schools. Charter schools would give them a way out, but lawmakers who can afford to send their own children to any school they want are perfectly content to leave poor kids in the jaws of the trap.
Exhibit E: Racial quotas in various institutions, such as colleges and universities. Such institutionalized biases perpetuate a cruel hoax on persons of minority race, not only setting up unqualified applicants to fail, but placing smart, qualified applicants under a perpetual cloud of suspicion that they got by only because they weren’t white. Policies so damaging to non-whites would make sense only if their proponents believed that the races were inherently unequal, and wanted to string along their supposed racial inferiors.
To the degree that America does labor under something that might be called systematic racism, it seems to be all on the left – and the people crying out against it want more of it still. American history as a whole represents the gradual purging of racism; progressivism represents its entrenchment.
Related but more recent:
Of course the schools need to re-open, but one of the arguments for opening them is ridiculous. It’s true that kids who never see other kids will suffer “social damage,” but who made the rule that kids can’t see other kids unless they are warehoused in a school? In some schools, they may suffer social damage just by being there.
While we were teaching our youngest daughter, she participated in several home-school co-ops as well as a variety of other activities. She had far more numerous, healthy, and lasting friendships, and became much more mature, thoughtful, and independent, after leaving her cliquish school than when she was still in it.
“If there really were a natural law, then everyone would know it.”
But everyone does. As to the idea that some people only fake it: Some certainly do fake being moral, but even to fake convincingly, they would have to have some moral knowledge. Occasionally I’m told that sociopaths merely imitate how moral people speak. That would be like scientific illiterates faking how physicists speak; they wouldn’t get away with it long. The problem with sociopaths isn’t that they don’t know even the most basic principles of right and wrong, but that they don’t care.
"If there really were a natural law, then everyone would obey it.”
That’s like saying that if there really were a traffic law, then everyone would obey it. The natural law doesn’t tell us what will happen, but what needs to happen, for beings of our nature. It isn’t like, say, gravity; the stone doesn’t have any choice about whether it will fall. That, by the way, is why natural law thinkers don’t call gravity a “law.” Why not? Because they think it isn’t true? No, but because a law, in the strict sense, is a rule and measure of the acts of rational beings – and gravity isn’t that.
I confess to a bias: Irrespective of what people believe or disbelieve about this or that, I like clear thinking and dislike mental fog.
A woman was quoted recently as saying about the disturbances in Seattle, “I am excited about the idea of non-hierarchical leadership.” That’s fog.
Non-hierarchal leadership is like a sharp sponge or a high-density vacuum. To have hierarchy is to have leaders; to have leaders is to have hierarchy.
Could the woman have meant that the leaders of the excitement she had in mind were chosen democratically? No, because that was not the case.
Could she have meant that the excitement took place spontaneously, without any leadership? That seems unlikely too. Even so-called spontaneous order is not really spontaneous; for example, markets depend on the rule of law.
The appearance of non-hierarchy can even be a means of enforcing hierarchy. Arranging the chairs in a classroom in a circle can be a way to encourage discussion -- but it can also be a way to intimidate dissenters by making them visible.
When someone speaks of “non-hierarchical leadership,” it means “I don’t know who my leaders are, and I don’t know where they are leading me.”